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Background on autonomy software frameworks

In the recent years, there has been an increasing research into and experience with autonomy and automation of space missions, such as Earth observation, space station operations, planetary robotic exploration, and deep space probes.  Capabilities of such systems have grown exponentially, leading to the need of the development of autonomy for the spacecraft and ground systems. Robotic systems need the ability to react to a wide variety of situations and circumstances, either nominal or exceptional, without the need of human supervision.